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Here's What's Included In The Infrastructure Deal That Biden Struck With Senators

caption: President Biden, joined by a group of bipartisan Senators, announced a bipartisan deal on an infrastructure package on June 24 at the White House.
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President Biden, joined by a group of bipartisan Senators, announced a bipartisan deal on an infrastructure package on June 24 at the White House.
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After weeks of negotiations, President Biden and a bipartisan group of senators have announced a deal on infrastructure spending.

The agreement focuses on investments in roads, railways, bridges and broadband internet, but does not include investments Biden has has referred to as "human infrastructure," including money allocated for child care and tax credits for families.

According to the White House, the price tag comes in at $1.2 trillion over 8 years, with more than $500 billion in new spending. How the measure would be paid for was a central point in negotiations, with Republicans opposed to undoing any of the 2017 tax cuts.

The plan "makes transformational and historic investments in clean transportation infrastructure, clean water infrastructure, universal broadband infrastructure, clean power infrastructure, remediation of legacy pollution, and resilience to the changing climate," a White House fact sheet on the plan released Thursday said.

Sen. Bill Cassidy, R-La, touted the plan with his colleagues at the announcement at the White House, saying: "There's going to be a lot of jobs that come out of this."

The bipartisan deal is just the beginning of what could be a long and difficult process. Biden told reporters Thursday that he will not sign any legislation unless it is paired with a separate bill to address other elements of his broader infrastructure proposal. It is unclear at this point whether the parallel process has enough Democratic support to pass it without any Republican votes.

Here's a look at what's included in the agreement, according to the White House fact sheet.

Transportation: $312 billion

Roads, bridges, major projects: $109 billion

Safety: $11 billion

Public transit: $49 billion

Passenger and freight rail: $66 billion

Electric vehicles: $7.5 billion

Electric buses/transit: $7.5 billion

Reconnecting communities: $1 billion

Airports: $25 billion

Ports and waterways: $16 billion

Infrastructure financing: $20 billion

Other infrastructure: $266 billion

Water: $55 billion

Broadband: $65 billion

Environmental remediation: $21 billion

Power, including grid authority: $73 billion

Western water storage: $5 billion

Resilience: $47 billion

Goals of the plan

The White House said the plan, known currently as 'The Bipartisan Infrastructure Framework' would, according to the fact sheet:

Improve healthy, sustainable transportation options for millions of Americans by modernizing and expanding transit and rail networks across the country, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Repair and rebuild roads and bridges with a focus on climate change mitigation, resilience, equity, and safety for all users, including cyclists and pedestrians.

Build a national network of electric vehicle (EV) chargers along highways and in rural and disadvantaged communities.

Electrify thousands of school and transit buses across the country to reduce harmful emissions and drive domestic manufacturing of zero emission vehicles and components.

Eliminate the nation's lead service lines and pipes, delivering clean drinking water to up to ten million American families and more than 400,000 schools and child care facilities that currently don't have it, including in Tribal nations and disadvantaged communities.

Connect every American to reliable high-speed internet

Upgrade the power infrastructure, including by building thousands of miles of new, resilient transmission lines to facilitate the expansion of renewable energy, including through a new Grid Authority.

Create a first of its kind Infrastructure Financing Authority that will leverage billions of dollars into clean transportation and clean energy.

Make the largest investment in addressing legacy pollution in American history

Prepare more infrastructure for impacts of climate change, cyber attacks, and extreme weather events.

How would they pay for it?

The White House says the plan will be paid for with unused coronavirus relief funds, unused unemployment insurance, and sales from the strategic petroleum reserve, among other measures. Here's a full look at the sources they've proposed, according to the fact sheet.

Reduce the IRS tax gap

Unemployment insurance program integrity

Redirect unused unemployment insurance relief funds

Repurpose unused relief funds from 2020 emergency relief legislation

State and local investment in broadband infrastructure

Allow states to sell or purchase unused toll credits for infrastructure

Extend expiring customs user fees

Reinstate Superfund fees for chemicals

5G spectrum auction proceeds

Extend mandatory sequester

Strategic petroleum reserve sale

Public-private partnerships, private activity bonds, direct pay bonds and asset recycling for infrastructure investment

Macroeconomic impact of infrastructure investment

[Copyright 2021 NPR]

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